As Coluccio Salutati (one of the forerunners of the new dedication to the intellectual life), wrote, in order to understand the Patristic authors, one needed a knowledge of the classics – and this was something which the scholastic period had lacked. Therefore classical studies had also to be re-enlivened. The Badia’s holdings focus on ancient history rather than ancient literature. In this way the reader was introduced to ancient Roman history and customs, politics and society, and read the biographies of important personalities. The following three texts were considered standard for a humanist education.